This is an unprofessional Collection cite. That wishes for Speech and Debate with Regards to the topics collected and Special Libraried. I wish for defense of Fair Use Doctrine, not for profit, educational collection.

"The new order was tailored to a genius who proposed to constrain the contending forces, both domestic and foreign, by manipulating their antagonisms" "As a professor, I tended to think of history as run by impersonal forces. But when you see it in practice, you see the difference personalities make." Therefore, "Whenever peace-concieved as the avoidance of war-has been the primary objective of a power or a group of powers, the international system has been at the mercy of the most ruthless member" Henry Kissinger

The World market crashed. There was complete blame from the worlds most ruthless power on the world's most protective and meditational power. So I responded with: "We must now face the harsh truth that the objectives of communism [The Communist Chinese Party's (CCP) Economic Espionage Units called the MSS] are being steadily advanced because many of us do not recognize the means used to advance them. ... The individual is handicapped by coming face to face with a Conspiracy so monstrous she or he cannot believe it exists. The American mind simply has not come to a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst" Therefore, like Dr. John Nash would probable think: This is because of our lost state craft of tracing scientific coding in the intelligence community of the algorithmic code of the Communist espionage agents. As "The Communist [CCP's economic espionage units called the MSS] threat from without must not blind us to the Communist [CCP's economic espionage units called the MSS] threat from within. The latter is reaching into the very heart of America through its espionage agents and a cunning, defiant, and lawless communist party, which is fanatically dedicated to the Marxist cause of world enslavement and destruction of the foundations of our Democracy/Republic." J. Edgar Hoover. Which allows the Communist to shape the future and powers that be. As "Our citizens and our future citizens cannot share properly in shaping the future unless we understand the present, for the raw material of events to come is the knowledge of the present and what we make it"

Lieutenant General Leslie R. Groves

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Friday, April 15, 2011

The Marshallian Plan

"By the end of World War II, most of Europe was devastated, along with its economy. The United States of America and Canada were the only major Allied countries whose infrastructures were unscathed. With the Truman administration's announcement of the Marshall Plan in June 1947, and the signing of the European Recovery Act on April 3, 1948, America stepped in to help Europe regain its footing.
Most European countries eagerly participate. However, the Marshall Plan intensified Moscow's efforts to influence public opinion in Western Europe and subvert the program. The National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency took up the challenge for the hearts and minds of Europeans and launched operations to counter Soviet propaganda.

Marshall and His Plan

Although the United States provided nearly $11 billion in aid to several European countries between 1945 and 1947 through the United Nations Relief and Recovery Administration, funds were haphazardly distributed and failed to deal with European-wide economic needs. On June 5, 1947, at a Harvard commencement, Secretary of State George C. Marshall set forth the basic principles of American policy in rebuilding Europe.
"It is logical," stated Marshall, "that the United States do whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured peace. Our policy," continued Marshall, "is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos."
Marshall suggested that European countries in need of aid should join in drawing up a program for presentation to the United States. Great Britain and France invited twenty-two countries to participate in a conference to draft a blueprint for European reconstruction. Sixteen nations responded, forming a Committee for European Economic Cooperation. A report outlining general aid for the next four years was submitted to the United States on September 23, 1947 and reached Congress on December 19 as the European Recovery Act (ERA).

The Cold War

The Soviet Union took an increasingly hostile view of the Marshall Plan, refused East Bloc participation, and called it an "imperialist ploy" for the enslavement of Europe. In September 1947, the Soviets founded the Communist Information Bureau (COMINFORM), which ordered party members to mobilize against the Marshall Plan. French and Italian Communists, in particular, responded by staging strikes and intensive propaganda campaigns.

Washington's increasing concern over Soviet behavior was one of several factors that lead to conduct covert action and to assign the Agency the task of countering Soviet activities, especially those hindering Marshall Plan programs.

US's European Mission

By September 1948, as aid began arriving in Europe under Frank G. Wisner began funding anti-Communist labor, student, and intellectual organizations through a variety of front groups. Émigrés from Eastern Europe joined the national committee for Free Europe, an organization created by OPC to oppose Soviet occupation and propaganda in the East Bloc countries. Radio Free Europe—a source of news and information from the outside world broadcast into Eastern Europe—served as part of this initiative.
In addition to the growing operations of Radio Free Europe, included funding groups such as the Americans for Intellectual Freedom and the Congress for Cultural Freedom, both composed of authors, intellectuals, and, eventually, labor leaders. The Agency gave financial support to the National Student Association and other youth groups to counter Soviet-sponsored organizations, while later branching out beyond funding existing groups and publications to establishing its own, complete with regular journals, conferences, and generous aid grants.
Efforts had helped the Marshall Plan succeed, countering Soviet propaganda, and funding Western European organizations in their bids to organize anti-Soviet activities. The European Recovery Act, inaugurated in mid-1948, achieved its objectives at far less cost and in far less time than ever anticipated. When the program ended in 1952, production in ERA was 200 percent over that of 1938. Strong and free, western Europe became a dedicated partner of the United States during the Cold War."

Not my article some ghost writers article.

The Marshallian Economics idea of individual rights to own their own labors and the idea of civil rights checked and balanced through a Democratic peacefull manner.

Rider i

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